More about vaccination...
our Veterinary Surgeon Dr. D. A. U.
Saman Kumara of the Kirindiwela Animal Clinic briefed you on
the basics of vaccinating a pet. Today, he goes into more detail about
vaccinating so that you can gain more knowledge about it.
Something you should always keep in mind, when it comes to
vaccinating your pet, is to always give your vet the opportunity to
examine your pet's general health status. To have a successful immune
vaccination, there are some rules you should follow. They are:
* Make sure that your pet is healthy. If your pet is ailing from some
disease, you must treat that first before administering vaccines. You
should vaccinate the pet only when it is in a normal, healthy condition.
Also, if you treat it along with the vaccination or two/three days
after vaccination, the results expected from vaccination may be lost.
* Ectoparasites like ticks, mites and lice should be controlled
* Endoparasites like intestinal worms, lung worms and heart worms
should be controlled;
* Appropriate vitamins and minerals should be given so that the pet
will be healthy and able to get good results from the vaccine;
* Pregnant animals should not be vaccinated;
* After buying a puppy, the vaccination shouldn't be done on your way
home. Let the animal adapt to the environment in your home, and then
* Vaccines should be stored in a cool, dark place, away from
sunlight. When taking a vaccine from the pharmacy, always remember to
carry it in ice.
There are specific methods to inject the vaccine; they are Intra
Muscular (IM) or subcutaneous (under the skin). Better results could be
obtained by using the Subcutaneous method. When vaccinating a pet,
always check whether a disposable new syringe is used. You must not
disinfect the area where the vaccine was administered; it should be
cleaned with a cotton wad, but not with surgical spirit. This is because
the spirit can penetrate the skin and mix with the vaccine.
After vaccination, it is advisable to let the animal rest for two to
three days. Dogs, particularly should not be used for training and
hunting or other strenuous (tiring) activities.
It is also not recommended to transport animals and expose them to
conditions of stress. Younger ones should be allowed to rest for at
least one week. It is also advisable to immunise dewormed animals.