Florence is the capital city of the Italian region Tuscany, located
in the valley of River Arno, surrounded by olive planted hills on the
north and the famous Chianti vineyards on the south.
Florence is better known as the cradle or the birthplace of Italian
Renaissance. The museums and galleries of this prestigious city are a
priceless treasure that captures the admiration of thousands of visitors
who go there throughout the year.
In 1581 Uffizi Gallery was built on the request of Francisco de
Medici. It was originally designed by Giorgio Viscari, a leading
architect and painter of that period. Today it is reputed as the most
important museum of art in Italy. This particular museum contains the
largest collection of Italian Renaissance paintings and sculpture in the
The works of Italian masters such as da Vinci, Michelangelo,
Cavaraggio, Raphael and Titian are displayed. German, Dutch and Flemish
masters are also well represented with important works by Duerer,
Rembrant and Rubens.
Great Florentine painter Sandro Botticelli’s breathtaking works,
“Spring” and “The Birth of Venus” are among the most admired works in
the Uffizi Gallery. “Spring” (circa 1482, 203cm x 314cm, Tempera on
This masterpiece is well-known as “Primavera” in the Italian
language. In this wonderful painting Botticelli presents the garden of
Venus. Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty, is the main figure
and the rest of the happenings take place around her.
To the right of Venus there are three figures, Zephyrus, Chloris and
Zephyrus the god of wind grasps the nymph Chloris. As a result
Chloris is changed into Flora, the goddess of spring and flowers. To the
left of Venus, the three Graces dance celebrating the spring.
Mercury banishes the clouds from the garden. The Cupid is poising
above the head of Venus, aiming an arrow of love at the three
Graces.“The Birth of Venus” (circa 1485, 172.5cm x 278.5cm, Tempera on
panel)The beautiful goddess Venus emerges from the ocean as a grown
woman on a shell, blown towards the shore by Zephyrus, the god of wind.
Then, Venus is joined by one of the Horae, the goddesses of the seasons,
who offers her a flowered cloak.