Five years of development - Hambantota district:
H’tota port project ahead of schedule
President Mahinda Rajapaksa commissioning the Hambantota Tank
Farm project.Minister of Ports and Aviation Chamal Rajapaksa,
other Ministers and officials look on.
Undoubtedly Hambantota is the most rapidly developing region in Sri
Lanka at present with billions of rupees being pumped in during the last
four years. One would say that Hambantota came into focus because
President Mahinda Rajapaksa hails from the area. It’s true that the
President’s initiative helped complete the ongoing projects in or even
ahead of time.
Hambantota was not developed for centuries. People did not have
drinking water let alone electricity and other necessities of life.
As Minister of Ports and Aviation Chamal Rajapaksa said recently
though millions of people pass through Hambantota each year on their way
to Kataragama no one bothered to spend some timehere.
The district was also listed as one of the most underprivileged
districts with low income generation and high unemployment rate. The
road network was in a very bad condition. Incidents of organised gangs
robbing motorists in the night were also reported in the past. The
Hambantota district was relegated to wilderness while the surrounding
areas were developed.
What Hambantota needed was a mega development project to kick-start
the development drive and solution was to go ahead with the proposed
Harbour development project which was in the pipe line for nearly two
To expedite this, billions of funds were needed and President
Rajapaksa himself shouldered this burden by wooing the Chinese
investors. Today the Hambantota port project is no longer a dream, but a
reality coming true by end of this year.
As expected, the Port development project has already opened up
numerous business opportunities after bringing in investors to the
The new port will commence its operations by November 2010, said
Ports Authority Chairman, Dr. Priyath B. Wickrema. The construction work
of the Port is five months ahead of the schedule with more than 50% key
wall, 40% Excavation work, 100% Breakwater construction being completed.
The first phase will consist of two general purpose berths, one
bunkering berth and a small craft berth which is 120 metres long.
Work at the Tank Farm Project and the 15 floor Administration
complex, which would be the tallest building in the district, too is on
course. Also a fully fledged Bunkering Facility and a Tank Farm Project
will be constructed with 14 tanks for bunkering and six others for
Aviation Fuel and as LPG Tanks.
The second major development project is the international airport at
Mattala. The new airport, with an investment of Rs. 22 billion with
foreign funding would certainly enhance the country’s image. The
airport, in the first phase would consist of one runway. In the second
stage the mega project would provide the necessary taxiway facilities
for bigger aircraft like A380s to land.
The airport, in the first five years, would primarily focus on cargo
operations in line with the Hambantota harbour.
Suresh de Mel
The objective behind the Hambantota Master Development Plan is
infrastructure development, and uplifting people’s living standards not
only in Hambantota district but in the adjoining backward areas such as
Moneragala and Matara bringing them in line with other developed
districts in the country.
Tourism in these areas too would have a major positive impact on the
national economy while Mattala International Airport would serve as the
cargo hub to the East.
These two mega projects have initiated a chain of development which
would make Hambantota a fully developed district in the very near
future. The road network has been redone with carpeted roads and night
lighting largely reducing the travel time to the area.
Lighting Hambantota was initiated three years ago to provide
electricity to all by end of next year and similarly solutions to the
drinking water problems too have been found. Healthcare facilities too
have received a boost with all existing hospitals being upgraded.
In 2006 the Government spent Rs. 39 million under the decentralised
budget, Rs. 61.79 million - Ministry of Plan Implementation, Rs. 263.31
million Southern Provincial Council, Rs. 557.26 million - State
authorities totalling to a sum of Rs. 921.36 million.
Similarly in 2007, the Government spent a total of Rs. 3,098.35
million, with Rs. 38.77 million provided by the decentralized budget, Rs.
1,029 million Ministry of Plan Implementation, Rs. 229.28 million -
Southern Provincial Council, Rs. 1,614.25 million - State Authorities,
Rs. 163.30 million Maga Neguma Programme and Rs. 22.80 million - Jathika
Saviya Gama Neguma scheme.
Continuing with these development activities, the Government spent Rs.
7,297.73 million in the year 2008, representing Rs. 33.40 million
provided by the decentralized budget, Rs. 498.79 million - Ministry of
Plan Implementation, Rs. 280.80 million - Southern Provincial Council,
Rs. 5,882.41 million - State Authorities, Rs. 131 million - Maga Neguma
Programme and Rs. 471.33 million - Jathika Saviya Gama Neguma scheme.
In the year 2009, the Government spent a total sum of Rs. 7,399.29
million representing Rs. 34.80 million provided by the decentralized -
budget, Rs. 314.14 million Ministry of Plan Implementation, Rs. 458.23
million - Southern Provincial Council, Rs. 6,141.11 million - State
Authorities, Rs. 279.80 million - Maga Neguma Programme and Rs. 141.21
million - Jathika Saviya Gama Neguma scheme.
The Government implemented several housing projects during the period
2006-2008 to help the people. In the year 2006, the Government spent Rs.
19.20 million to construct 380 housing projects. In 2007, Rs. 8.40
million was spent on 210 housing projects and in the year 2008, Rs.
19.20 million was spent on 377 projects.
Agriculture is the main source of income for the majority of people
in the district and the Government has been pumping in funds regularly
to this segment to help raise their living standards.
During a period of three years, the Government spent Rs. 11,310.64
million for development of roads, electricity, water supply, housing,
health facilities, education, irrigation and agricultural sectors in the
Hambantota District. In the year 2009 alone the Government spent Rs.
7,406.09 million for the development of these sectors.
The Matara-Kataragama Railway project, which is being implemented by
the Ministry of Transport, is estimated to cost Rs. 9,100 million. It
would help the agricultural sector to move goods freely and also reduce
post harvest losses.
The administration complex which would house all government buildings
is expected to be fully operational by end of this year.
Azmi Thassim, CEO Hambantota District Chamber of Commerce said that
the people in Hambantota District in general and the business community
in particular, are very encouraged by the development projects in
Azmi Thassim, CEO Hambantota District Chamber with SLPA
Technical Director, J. Kurukulasuriya at Hambantota harbour
“The District is on the threshold of major opportunities to transform
its economy, the living standards and future prospects of its people.
The vast resources of the district remained unexploited, largely as a
result of the over-concentration of the country’s development priorities
on the Western Province.”
“As a result of the major improvements in the transport
infrastructure, together with port, airport, cricket stadium and other
projects involving massive amounts of capital investment, there is an
unprecedented opportunity to redress the imbalance. These major
projects, if handled well, could accelerate substantially the economic
development of the District and bring the associated benefits to its
people. Moreover, because of the mega nature of some of the projects,
the benefits should also be felt across Southern Province and beyond as
“However, if this challenge is to be met, there is much to be done.
Economic success will be dependent on the full engagement of the private
sector, and the Hambantota District Chamber of Commerce members are
determined to play their part in this process.” “What is needed today is
common vision and a well-coordinated implementation programme.”
“There is need for the Government to prioritize and coordinate its
activities and to strengthen the decision-making processes. We would
like to see a bottom-up approach rather than a top-down development
process. There is need to recognize the local community and harness
their energies, if the full potential benefits of the development
priorities are to be realised. We therefore want to see more local
participation in the decision-making bodies. We are confident that this
will contribute substantially to make the ongoing projects a sucess.”
A land utilization plan is also needed. We also want to see greater
transparency and opportunity for the local people and the business
community to tender for and invest in projects and to get involved in
the supply chain, as entrepreneurs and also in taking advantage of the
many job opportunities,” he said.
“If local businesses and people are to seize these job opportunities
there will also be a substantial need for skills development.
We are keen to work with Government at all levels in developing
initiatives to assess the needs of local businesses and the people and
to help them to develop the necessary skills and capacities. The HDCC as
the representative of the business community would like to offer its
fullest support and cooperation in this regard and also more in
participating in planning, decision-making, implementation etc.”
Suresh de Mel, an industrialist cum exporter in the Hambantota
district commended the rapid development taking place in the area which
was lacking for several years.
De Mel feels the ongoing development would create more employment
opportunities and lead to empowerment of the area which is extremely
important for equitable socio-economic development, not only in the
Hambantota District, but in the neighbouring Eastern, Uva and
Sabaragamuwa districts as well.
He feels that as investments start coming into the area, there will
be a high turnover of workers from existing jobs and stiff competition
for labour. Already the public sector is hiring many workers away from
the private sector to fill the various government offices that are to be
opened up in the District.
In a bid to provide leisure activities and wooing more tourists to
the area a Safari park is being constructed in Ridiyagama and the
officials have expressed confidence that this would be open to the
public by next year.
The construction of a six-and-a-half-kilometre-long wall along the
outer boundary of the 500-acre park is under construction.
Rs. 500 million Dry Zone Botanical Garden project is being
Animals such as white tigers and similar species would be brought
from other countries and people would be able to see animals roaming
The International Conference Hall Complex is estimated to cost U.S.$
15.3 million while the Administration Complex is estimated to cost U.S.$
20.3 million. These two projects are being implemented by the Urban
Development Authority. The entire project is being carried out at an
estimated cost of Rs. 1,250 million.
In a bid to make the film industry more cost-effective and
professional a Tele Cinema Garden at Ranminitenna is being constructed
and would be opened by President Mahinda Rajapaksa on 30th this month.
This project is the first of its kind in Sri Lanka and it will fulfil a
long felt need of the Film and Tele Drama producers.
The Ranminitenne Tele Cinema Garden is constructed on a 235 acre land
at a cost of over Rs. 5 million. It consists of natural environment,
rivers, lakes, mountainous locations, forests, as well as village and
urban locations. Ranminitenna will provide the prospective Film and Tele
Drama producers all the amenities and services needed for their Film or
Tele Drama Projects.
It has been designed and implemented in accordance with plans
formulated after consultations with the producers, artistes, musicians,
The international cricket stadium which hosts two games of the next
Cricket World cup next year and the international racing track would
bring more international travellers to the area.