dancing and drumming is what Sri Lanka is known all over the world for.
Choreographed to stunning detail, dressed up in glittering costume and
performing acrobatic moves, Kandyan dancers are required to train for
years to be perfect.
art form originated as part of a night-long ceremony in honour of the
God Kohomba and elaborate rituals featuring over 50 dancers and 10
drummers. This type of dance form flourished under the Kings as a sign
of prestige and entertainment and then gave birth to the Kandy Esala
There are five main types of Kandyan dance. The four principal genres
are the ves, pantheru, udekki and naiyandi, all featuring troupes of
flamboyantly attired male dancers clad in metallic chest plates,
waistbands and various other neck, arm and leg ornaments which jangle as
the dancers move about (each dance calls for a slightly different style
The most spectacular and famous is the ves dance, which is considered
sacred to God Kohomba and for which performers also wear a kind of
extravagant metal head dress. Acutely athletic and rather back breaking,
a special dance of this nature portrays devilish whirls, mind-bending
back-flips and major kicking leaps. In the more subtle pantheru dance,
the turbaned performers play small tambourines whilst during the udekki
dance they beat tiny hour-glass shaped drums.
final dance is the vannam that began as life songs before evolving into
rigorous and stylised dances, each of which describes a certain emotion
or object of nature, history or legend.
All genres of dance are accompanied by drumming, which can reach
extraordinary heights of virtuosity. The archetypal Sri Lankan drum is
the geta bera or “boss drum”, a double headed instrument carried on a
strap around the drummers’ waist played with the hands. Geta bera are
made to a fixed length of 67cm which different types of skins tied at
the ends producing contrasting sounds.
The double headed daule drum is shorter but thicker and is played
with a stick in one hand and palm of the other. The tammettana bera its
tiny drums, a bit like bongos tied together and played with sticks. A
horanava is a kind of Sri Lankan oboe also accompanies these musical