Flowers - nature’s wonders
You would have seen that flowers vary from one to another through
colour, shape, scent, size and so on.
What actually is a flower? At once you would say that a flower is a
part of a plant. It is correct, but we could further define it as the
reproductive organ of plants. Plants can also be reproduced through
stems, roots and seeds.
There are over a thousand species of flowers all over the world.
Orchids, roses, jasmines, anthuriums and tulips are some varieties of
The carrying of pollen for fertilization is known as ‘pollination’.
Bees, butterflies, and various other animals such as birds and also the
wind pollinate flowers. Pollination is important in producing new
Flowers like carrion and rafflesia reproduce or are pollinated in a
different way to most other flowers. These two flowers look and smell
like spoilt meat. So, insects such as files are attracted to these
flowers and help in the pollination process.
Flowers produce seeds that are essential to produce new plants. The
chief parts found in a flower are the sepals, petals, stem, stigma and
pistil. Pollen found on the pistil rub against the stigma, which is
sticky, by means of pollination. They travel through the pistil and land
on the ovary of the flower. This is known as fertilization, because the
formation of seeds takes place.
People use flowers for many purposes. In certain provinces in Sri
Lanka, India and Hungary, flowers are grown as export crops too.
Flowers are also offered to the Buddha and many other gods by the
people. Flowers also play a key role in the production of perfumes,
medicines, decoration of houses at weddings and various functions.
The flower is a fascinating and graceful creation of nature. How much
I long to own a huge flower garden and to breathe its fragrance.
Wouldn’t you like to do so?
We have been awarded many things such as trees, flowers, animals,
oceans, rivers and waterfalls by nature. The rainforests which comprises
a variety of all these things are one of the greatest gifts given to
In our country too we have the Sinharaja rainforest. It is one of the
greatest gifts that god has granted our country. The Sinharaja
rainforest which is rich in biodiversity is declared a world heritage
site. It is the only rainforest in Sri Lanka.
It has been home to the elephant, the leopard, the deer and many
other animals. It has been protected for the birds and the bees.
The forest at it lowest is 270 metres above sea level. Its highest
point is 1060 metres. Sinharaja has nine hills of which the tallest is
Hinipitgala. Its peak is 1170 metres high.
Many streams start from the high ground of the Sinharaja and fall
into the big rivers.
There is a small waterfall called Duhuvilli Ella, which makes the
waterways rush and gush adding beauty to the land. The attraction of
Sinharaja forest, to the visitors, is mainly the vegetation.
However, some come to destroy the beautiful jungle. It is often said
that visitors are welcome here as long as they go in, leave nothing
behind and take nothing back, except the wonderful memoring of the
Technology in the home
Today most people have lots of helpful machines to make life easier
and to save time. Most of them are powered by electricity.
Housework is much easier now than in the past. Those days people did
not have washing machines. So, they would spend many hours to wash their
clothes by hand. Now, they just spend a few minutes filling the machine
and setting the right washing programme.
A washing machine is quite a simple electrical device. It works by
mixing dirty clothes up with soapy water. A drum inside the machine
rotates to slosh the clothes in the water. Then clean water rinses away
the soap and dirt.
A microwave oven is another device that people use. It cooks food
very quickly. It does this by sending invisible waves of energy called
microwaves into the food.
A hairdryer is often used to dry hair at home or in salons. This is a
quicker way of drying one’s hair than waiting for it to dry naturally.
.A vacuum cleaner too sucks up dust and dirt. Rushing air carries dust
and dirt into a bag, which can then be emptied. Brushes usually help
loosen the dust.
Sewing machine were some of the earliest machines in the home.
However, in the olden days, they were powered by human effort rather
than electricity. The person sewing pushed a pedal back and forth with
the feet, to move the needle. Now, an electric motor does all this hard
work and numerous stitches too can be used.
A refrigerator, or fridge, keeps food cold by removing heat from
inside the cabinet. There are various types of refrigerators today.
Home technology means that people have more time - to work or to
relax.Advanced technology has benefited people to a great extent when it
comes to carrying out various household chores, especially.
Importance of job
A good job always gives a mental satisfaction to the worker or the
employee. No one likes to work under pressure. There must be a sound
bond between the two parties, the employer and the employee.
People can do their best when they do what they like at their own
speed and capabilities. So, a good working atmosphere is very essential
for any kind of work.
Everyone likes to make use of his skills, to experience new fields
and new ventures.
The best jobs offer a challenge. However, the tasks or the duties
assigned must be within the scope of the person entrusted with them.
In short, they must be not only within the person’s capabilities but
also be appealing and promising to the employee to be performed
successfully. Whatever the dignity and situation of the work may be it
should also provide a certain amount of freedom and privilege. The
worker also needs to feel responsible for what he does.Through a
contented job, team spirit is also enhanced. This is the good result of
a successful career.
Workers must also be efficient and also be able to get on with others
and be in good terms with his fellow workers.
Job satisfaction partly lies on self-achievement and self-worth or
Keeping schools clean
The school is a very important place for school children. It should
be kept as a clean and healthy environment. As students we have the
responsibility to keep the school clean and tidy. If it looks unclean
and untidy, there will not be a good atmosphere for us to do our
There should not be various kinds of things thrown around the school
premises. Dumping of garbage, empty bottles and cans should not be done.
These things can sometimes be harmful to us. When there is garbage stray
animals such as dogs may come into the school premises to eat them.
Incidents such as children being bitten by dogs could happen as a
The compound also becomes a breeding centre for mosqitoes when
garbage is thrown around. It is not good. So, I have to make my friends
aware of the bad effects of throwing garbage in the school compound. I
will try to tell them about it and get them to clean the school. I will
also put up boards in the school garden requesting them to keep the
school and the garden clean.
We can also keep dustbins in various places in the school to throw
our litter without putting it all over the place.We can do all these
things with the help of the principal and teachers. We can advise our
sisters to follow these instructions - “stop throwing garbage and keep
the school as a beautiful place.”