Abstraction, an integral part of art | Sunday Observer

Abstraction, an integral part of art

20 June, 2021

You might be inquisitive about this specific bewildered form of art known as abstract art which is far from having an exact definition or artistic classification. Abstract art has been available across the world for well over a century.

Some people are of the belief that the history of abstraction may have started with the cave paintings thousands of years ago. Distancing of an idea from objective reference is literally known as abstraction; moving a depiction away from any type of literal, representational reference points.

Abstract art is also known as nonrepresentational art or non-objective art, graphic art, sculpture and painting where either little or no part is played by the portrayal of things from the visible world. Form, texture, line, tone and colour are considered as the elements of which the abstract art consists. The artists who lived before the 20th century used these abstract elements to embellish, classify or reproduce the human civilisation and the world of nature.

Degree of independence

A visual language of shape, colour, line and form to design a composition that may have a degree of independence from the visual references in the world is used by abstract art. “Heat abstraction” is known as the paintings drawn for the expression of emotions. The rest drawn for the description of world in the form of an abstract way is recognised as “cool abstraction”.

As an abstract painting is drawn, the artists, depending on their aesthetic points of view make a decision on the correct orientation on which the work should be fixed. Albeit on the back of the canvas, the correct orientation is frequently available, the viewers do not notice it.

The issue on the orientation of abstract paintings has been addressed in some studies done in psychology. Most of these studies show that the paintings with correct orientation are recognised to have got higher aesthetic ratings. A group of participants joining with an experiment has demonstrated that the intended orientation of the artist agrees with around half of the decisions on preferred orientation.

These indicate that aesthetic quality has got a relationship with the painting orientation. The study on the matter of orientation judgement depicts the objective rules which emphasise the visual aesthetic evaluation.

With the enhancement of digital technology, digital images of paintings are widely available on the internet which can make analysis on computer aided painting possible. The relationship between aesthetic perceptions of human and the computational visual features has been explored in aesthetic assessments. But the problem of aesthetic assessment by focusing on computer-aided orientation judgment has not yet been dealt with.

The problem of orientation judgment for abstract painting by computer simulation is mitigated by the enhancement of digital technology in the sphere of art. With the help of the judgment and analysis of orientation for abstract paintings, the artist can understand as to why his paintings are attracted by the viewers.

Aesthetic value

They can also understand as to how the viewer’s attraction can further be enhanced. Evaluation of art work is subjective, for abstract paintings in particular. The studies on psychology have demonstrated that the abstract paintings in their original orientation are likely to receive higher aesthetic ratings. Aesthetic value has a relationship with painting orientation.

Only a cross section may like abstract art. But it cannot be ignored that abstract art is also an essential part of contemporary art as well. It is apparent that the contemporary art in particular is dominated by different movements which use abstract ideas as well as different types of abstract art.

Different types of abstract art are seen everywhere; art auctions, fairs and exhibitions. You are not able to have an idea on contemporary art if you do not have a regard on the significant place which the abstract art has achieved in today’s world of art.