Sigiriya | Page 2 | Sunday Observer


17 October, 2021

Sigiriya is an ancient rock fortress in the District of Matale, Central Province. It is near the town of Dambulla. It is a site of historical and archaeological significance. It is dominated by a rock nearly 200 metres high.

According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle,the Chulavamsa, this site was selected by King Kashyapa (477 - 497 CE) as his new capital.

King Kashyapa built his palace on top of the rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes.

On a small plateau about half way up the side of the rock he built a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. The name of this place derives from this structure- Sinhagiri or Sigiri, the Lion Rock.

The capital and the Royal Palace was abandoned after King Kashyapa’s death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.

Today, Sigiriya is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is one of the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning.


O.K.D. Tharushi Vihanga Laksarani

Grade 9 B

G/ Navadagala Maha Vidyalaya